Moving Averages

Moving averages are one of the most widely used technical indicators by traders. A moving average is the mean or average closing price of a specified number of periods.  For example, a 5 day moving average is calculated by adding the closing prices of the most recent 5 days and then dividing that total by 5. The usefulness of moving averages is the smoothing out of price action which is usually the result of volatility.

In technical analysis, moving averages are used to find out if conditions are bullish or bearish. The shorter-term moving average is normally used with a longer-term moving average. Usually, moving averages work best with trending prices. If prices have not discernible trend and move in an erratic manner, moving average may do multiple crossovers and and give false buy  or sell signals. One can complement other technical indicators with the use of moving averages.

The table below shows the interpretation of moving averages.

Occurrence Significance
Shorter-term moving average moves above the longer-term moving average Bullish signal for traders.
Shorter term moving average moves below the longer-term moving average Bearish signal for traders.

How option traders can make use of moving averages?

When the shorter-term moving average line goes above the longer-term moving average line, it is a signal to the options traders to execute a bullish option strategy. This is especially so in trending markets. When the shorter-term moving average goes below the longer-term moving average line, option traders can employ bearish option strategies.

Bearish Signal

Read next: Moving Average Convergence Divergence